Sociology is such a science that studies social phenomena and processes that it helps to understand the events and social forces that move around us, focusing on aspects of the social environment that we often overlook. Sociology equips us with a special form of understanding reality. The proposed textbook, called sociology by its founder O. Kont, includes methods and systems of sociological knowledge, the structure and dynamics of society, the nature of human society, socialization, the status and roles that make up the social structure, stratification (classes, property, castes). ), social control, deviant behavior, and other issues. The guide is intended for university students and professors. It can also be useful for a wide range of readers interested in sociology.