The prepared textbook is compiled on the basis of the requirements of the National Program for Personnel Training, the educational State Standard of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the standard and work program for this master’s subject. It reflects the theoretical foundations of monetary policy, methods and tools for implementing monetary policy, the monetary policy of the Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the mechanisms of regulation of the economy through monetary instruments. Along with this, in the preparation of this textbook, new pedagogical and information technologies were used. The manual is designed primarily for undergraduates and can be used by independent researchers, students, interns and those who are interested in improving the monetary policy of the national economy.