REQUIREMENTS to articles submitted to the editorial team of the scientific journal “Science and Innovative development”


to articles submitted to the editorial team of the scientific journal

“Science and Innovative development”


1. The scope of a scientific article (depending on the type of the scientific article) is 20-60 thousand printed characters (about 10-25 pages); format – A4, orientation – portrait; indents – left 3 cm, right 1.5 cm, top and bottom 2 cm each; font – Times New Roman, colour – black, font size – 14; interval – 1.0.


2. A scientific article submitted to the journal is expected to not have been previously published in other editions, the degree of originality (the presence of plagiarism is checked using a software) is at least 65%.

3. The text of a scientific article is formatted as follows



Science: (E.g.) Technical sciences






Author of the article (including co-authors):

surname, first name, patronymic (full, passport),

academic degree (if any),

workplace (full),

position (full)

E-mail address,

contact phone numbers




Above information must be provided in the same order in the Uzbek, Russian and English languages




4. Heading is an important part of the article, which should clearly reflect the topic. The heading is not expressed in an abstract or general way, hence it should be written in an academic style and present a proposed solution to the main problem and questions underlying the research topic. The number of words used in the heading of a scientific article should be no more than 10-12, and the number of keywords in the title should be at least 1-2 words. Only commonly used abbreviations are used in the heading.


5.  Abstract contains information about the scientific, theoretical and practical aspects of the research topic, i.e. a summary and description of the article.


In terms of its composition, abstract should comprise following:


subject, topic, purpose, relevance and problem of the research;

research method / methodology;


application of findings;


Based on the above information, abstract is written in the form of a single text and is not divided into paragraphs, sections.


The scope of the abstract is about 150-250 words. Use of repetitions, redundant words, detailed descriptions, copying statements from the text of the article, rewriting of exact title, use abbreviations, references to sources are not allowed.



6. The keywords that make up the semantic core (basis, essence) of a scientific article are a list of important concepts and categories that are considered necessary to describe the topic and the study itself. In practice, these words help to find the article on the Internet. Therefore, when writing a scientific article (articles), special attention is to be paid to the semantic core of the topic.


The number of keywords should be within 6-8 words, which are sorted from general to specific, that is, starting with keywords related to the topic and problem, and ending with keywords related to the object and subject of the research. Neologisms, long phrases, related parts of speech are not used as keywords.



7.  The text of a scientific article is written according to the following requirements



• Substantiation of relevance and novelty of the topic;

• how other authors approached the solution of the problem posed in the article, what methods they used, etc. (literature review);

• a description of the problems and gaps identified and not explored in the literature used;

• substantiation of the specific purpose of the study and the problem to be solved based on the identified problems

Materials and methods

• By whom, where and when studies and experiments were carried out (detailed content);

• substantiation of applied methods, methodology and objects of research

Research results

• Analysis of the dynamics of the main indicators characterizing the object of study (within the framework of the data that will become the basis for solving the problem posed in the article) and conclusions;

• obtained scientific and practical results, analysis of their effectiveness and reliability

Analysis of research results

• The author analyzes the facts, substantiates his opinion, states which of them he approves and which he denies, and explains his views;

• analysis of the obstacles and problems in the field of science that arose during the study;

• analysis of various methods, comparison of research results with the results of other studies


Conclusions and recommendations arising from the results of the author’s research.

Notice! When interpreting results of the study, it is recommended to use legislative statements, statistical data, diagrams and graphs on the research subject.



8. Figures and tables are given in the following order:







Fig. 1. Title (Font size 12, highlighted)


If there is only one figure in the article, it is not numbered (Fig. Title), in case there are several of them, these should be numbered accordingly.


The title of the table in the article is centered. The word “Table” is aligned to the right of the page. The table is not numbered if there is only one table, it is numbered in case there are several of them.



Table 1

Table’ name

(font size 12, highlighted)


Font size 10










































The data given in the table should be clear and concise.


9. The editorial team of the journal recommend that authors use modern sources of information, scientific literature and research published over the past 5-10 years when compiling their lists of references (REFERENCES).


Links in the text are indicated in square brackets, along with a serial number of the source and the page from which the information was retrieved, e.g. [4, с. 151].

Citations in articles and materials are made according to the Harvard method.


An article must contain links to at least 20 sources


References to foreign editions should make at least 50%, 30 % of which – for articles listed in international databases Web of Science and (or) Scopus.


References to official documents are not given in the article, they are provided in the text itself, i.e.: title, date, number.


Sources and literatures are provided in accordance with requirements of international scientific and technical databases and are written in Latin script as ‘REFERENCES’ (Literature List). The applied text transliteration system on the platform:


The list of references is made in strict accordance with the form below, depending on the nature of the source. The list of references is compiled in the same sequence as the references to them listed in the text of the article (not in alphabetical order or not dividied into types of sources!).






(E.g. Literature, monographs, collections)

1.  Lindorf L.S., Mamikoniants L.G., eds. Jekspluatacija turbogeneratorov s neposredstvennym ohlazhdeniem [Operation of turbine generators with direct cooling]. Moscow, Energija Publ., 1972, 352 p.

2.  Kanevskaya R.D. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie gidrodinamicheskih processov razrabotki mestorozhdenij uglevodorodov [Mathematical modeling of hydrodynamic processes of hydrocarbon deposit development]. Izhevsk, 2002. 140 p. Izvekov V.I., Serikhin N.A., Abramov A.I. Proektirovanie turbogeneratorov [Design of turbo-generators]. Moscow, MEI Publ., 2005, 440 p.


(E.g. Reference to periodicals)

1.  Zagurenko A.G., Korotovskikh V.A., Kolesnikov A.A., Timonov A.V., Kardymon D.V. Tehniko-jekonomicheskaja optimizacija dizajna gidrorazryva plasta [Techno-economic optimization of the design of hydraulic fracturing]. Neftjanoe hozjajstvo – Oil Industry, 2008, no. 11, pp. 54-57.


(E.g. Reference to electronic journals)

1.  Kontorovich A.E., Korzhubaev A.G., Eder L.V. Forecast of global energy supply: Techniques, quantitative assessments, and practical conclusions. Mineral’nye resursy Rossii. Jekonomika i upravlenie, 2006, no. 5. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 22.05.2012).


(E.g. Reference to Internet resources)

1.  Kondrat’ev V.B. Global’naja farmacevticheskaja promyshlennost’ [The global pharmaceutical industry]. Available at:
2011-07-18.html/ (accessed 23.06.2013).


(E.g. Reference to digital resources with DOI)

1.  Zhang Z., Zhu D. Experimental research on the localized electrochemical micro-machining. Russian Journal of Electrochemistry, 2008, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 926-930. DOI: 10.1134/S1023193508080077/.


(E.g. Reference to conference materials)

1. Sen’kin A.V. Voprosy vibrodiagnostiki uprugih kosmicheskih apparatov [Issues of vibration diagnostics of elastic spacecraft]. Problemy teorii i praktiki v inzhenernyh issledovanijah. Trudy 33 nauch. konf. RUDN. – Problems of the Theory and Practice of Engineering Research. Proc. Russ. Univ. People’s Friendship 33rd Sci. Conf., Moscow, 1997, pp. 223-225. (In Russ.)


(E.g. Reference to translated pieces of work)

1.  Timoshenko S.P., Young D.H., Weaver W. Vibration problems in engineering. 4th ed. New York, Wiley, 1974. 521 p. (Russ. ed.: Timoshenko S.P., Iang D.Kh., Uiver U. Kolebanija v inzhenernom dele. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1985. 472 p.).

2.  Brooking A., Jones P., Cox F. Expert systems. Principles and case studies. Chapman and Hall, 1984. 231 p. (Russ. ed.: Bruking A., Dzhons P., Koks F. Jekspertnye sistemy. Principy raboty i primery. Moscow, Radio i svjaz’ Publ., 1987. 224 p.).


(E.g. Reference to dissertations and theses)

1.  Semenov V.I. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie plazmy v sisteme kompaktnyj tor. Diss. dokt. fiz.-mat. nauk [Mathematical modeling of the plasma in the compact torus. Dr. phys. and math. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 2003. 272 p.

(E.g. Reference to patents)

1.Palkin M.V. e.a. Sposob orientirovanija po krenu letatel’nogo apparata s opticheskoj golovkoj samonavedenija [The way to orient on the roll of aircraft with optical homing head]. Patent RF, 2006, no. 2280590.


Requirements 2022 in WORD format

Multifaceted creative

Afzalbek Matkarimov, a 6th grade student of the Music and Art School No. 36 of the Khankai District of the Khorezm Region, became the next winner of the Quarantine Talents competition.

It is inevitable that each work of art will directly fill the viewer with long reflections, enter the world of fantasy, bring spiritual nourishment and aesthetic pleasure. Especially the works of young artists will give you a different mood and invite you to sweet childhood memories. The vitality, desire to live and beauty in their paintings will enchant and captivate art lovers. Same? Afzalbek’s works also made a great impression on the editors.

“As a child, I dreamed of becoming an artist in the future,” Afzalbek says. – My parents have always encouraged my interest in art. The quarantine period gave me the opportunity to work more on myself and discover new creative samples. Naturally, there are times when you can sit in one place for a long time on the selected field. As a result, the body can become tense. Therefore, in order to prevent such incidents, I also go in for swimming. I began to study English in depth, as they say, a person who knows the language knows.

My father always said: “A young man has less than forty professions.” Therefore, my brother and I are independently engaged in beekeeping at home. I learned how to care for them and what to do to grow more honey. Interestingly, my father and brother told us that we can separate the bees, sell the honey we received from them, and use the proceeds for our own needs. Frankly speaking, I was very interested in this process. During quarantine, the bees gave me a lot of pleasure. I have watched their tireless activities. I was even reflected in my paintings. In addition, this activity turned me into a small entrepreneur. Therefore, I took part in the Tashabbus 2019 competition to test my abilities. As a result, I became the winner in the “Youngest Entrepreneur” nomination.

We hope that in the future Afzalbek will become a world-famous artist and a successful entrepreneur.



Good mood – support for children!


Хабарингиз бор, мамлакатимизда қизлар ўртасида технологияларга бағишланган «Technovation Challenge” халқаро танлови ўтказиб келинмоқда.

«Technovation Challenge» танловининг диққатга сазовор томони шундаки, у фақат қизлар ўртасида ўтказиладиган мусобақа саналади. Танловнинг шарти ён-атрофда содир бўлаётган муаммоларни бартараф этишда хизмат қиладиган иловалар яратишдир. Ушбу илова орқали муаммолар бартараф этилиб, дастурни кодлаш ва уни бозорга чиқариш учун компания яратишни кўзда тутади. Дастурнинг асосий мақсади – қизларга танқидий фикрлаш, тадбиркорлик ва дастурий қобилиятларни ривожлантириш, шунингдек муаммоларни аниқлаш, ечимларни ишлаб чиқиш ва синовдан ўтказиш, жамоада ишлаш ва турли аудитория билан мулоқот қилиш имконини беради.


Жорий йилнинг январдан то май ойига қадар ўтказилган ушбу танловда жуда ҳам кўплаб ёш қизлар ўз иқтидорларини намоён этишди. Лекин айни дамда юртимизда ўрнатилган карантин ушбу танловнинг фаолиятига ҳам таъсир этмай қолмади. Бироқ технологияларнинг ёрдами туфайли онлайн равишда қизлар мобиль иловаларини ҳайъат аъзоларига тақдим қилишга эришдилар. Мазкур иловалар орасида аутизм болаларни қўллаб-қувватлашга бағишланган “Mizash” (араб тилидан олинган бўлиб “кайфият” деган маънони англатади) иловаси диққатимизни тортди. Шу тариқа Junior (10 ёшдан 14 ёшгача) қизларга менторлик қилган Муниса Исломова билан суҳбатлашишга ошиқдик.


Муҳаммад Хоразмий мактабида бир куни тадбир бўлганди. Ўша ерда Баҳодирова Мадина, Асқарова Оминахон, Умарова Кифоятхон каби шижоатли қизлар билан танишдим. Шу тариқа улар билан гуруҳ ташкиллаштириб, мазкур танловда иштирок этиш фикри туғилди. Табиийки, бирон бир ишга бел боғлашдан аввал унинг учини топиш лозим. Қандай муаммони ўртага ташласак? Унга қандай ечим топсак, дея ўйладик. Қизлар ҳар хил ғояларни ўртага ташлашди. Жуда кўп фикр ва қарашлар бўлди. Сўнг фикрларни жамлаб, аутизм касаллиги билан хасталанган болалар ҳақида илова тайёрлашга киришдик. Бу фикрни ўртага ташлаган бир қизимизнинг ён қўшниси ёшлигида шу касалликка чалинган экан ва жиддий парвариш ва эътибор бўлгани учун тузалиб кетган экан. Бу касаллик насл суриши билан ўта аянчли ҳисобланади. Афсуски, ҳозирда унинг фарзандида ҳам аутизм хасталиги кузатилмоқда. Бемор қиз эса гуруҳимизнинг аъзосини энг яқин дугонаси экан.


Аутизм қандай касаллик?

Аутизм (юунонча «аутос» – «ўзим» деган сўз) – бу руҳиятнинг ўзига хос ҳолати бўлиб, бемор ташқи олам, атрофдагилар билан мулоқот қилишни истамайди. У ёлғизликни ёқтиради. Яна бир хил хатти-ҳаракат ва сўзларни такрорлайди. Аутизм ташхисли бола ўз оламида яшайди. Фикрлаши бошқаларникига ўхшамайди. Уларнинг хатти-ҳаракатлари реал воқелик билан боғлиқ эмас. Аутизм кичик ёки ўсмир ёшдаги болаларда кузатиладиган касаллик саналади. Кўпинча уларда бепарволик кучли бўлади. Мисол учун бирор киши гапирганда, ҳаёли умуман бошқа жойда бўлиши мумкин. Ёки бўлмаса, қандайдир нарсага нисбатан қўрқув ҳисси кучли бўлади. Ҳаттоки, турган жойида қичқириб юборадиган даражада. Айнан шундай белгилар намоён бўлиши билан болага яхши эътибор берилса, у бутунлай соғайиб кетиши муқаррар.

Аутизмни жуда ҳам кўп даволаш усуллари мавжуд. Бизлар иловамиз орқали ABA (applied behaviour analysis) трампик усулидан фойдаланган ҳолда бемор болаларни ҳар хил ўйинлар ёрдамида чалғитиш ҳамда қизиқтириш билан касалликдан фориғ этишни кўзладик.

Юртимизда касаллик бўйича статистика мавжуд эмас

Аутизм бўйича Ўзбекистонда статистика қидиришга ҳаракат қилдик. Афсуски, ҳеч қандай маълумот топганимиз йўқ. Аутизмга чалинган болалар сони юртимизда маълум эмас. Ҳатто БМТ қидирув тизимларига ҳам мурожаат қилишга мажбур бўлдик. Натижада кординаторларимиз ҳам аниқ маълумотга эга эмасликларини билдирди. Бундай ҳолат бизнинг ишимизни бироз қийинлаштирди.

Илова қандай ишлайди?

“Mizash” илова билан танишганингизда, ҳар хил бўлимларга кўзингиз тушади. Дейлик, турли хил ўйинлар, тест синовлари ва викториналар алоҳида бўлимларга ажратилган. Иловамизнинг диққатга сазовар томони шундаки, тестларни айнан мактаб дарсликларидан фойдаланган ҳолда тайёрлаганмиз. Тест натижалари боланинг руҳиятига таъсир кўрсатмаслиги учун машҳур инсонларнинг сўзларидан кўчирмалар келтирганмиз. Табиийки, биз нафақат таълим орқали боланинг соғлом ўсишига таъсир ўтказамиз, балки уларни руҳлантирадиган маслаҳатлар ёрдамида касалликнинг исканжасидан чиқиб кетишларига ёрдам кўрсатамиз. Айнан аутизмдан жабр чекадиган болалар руҳий рағбатлантиришга муҳтож эканликларини унутмаслигимиз керак.

Иловадан нафақат аутизм билан касалланган болалар, балки барча бирдек фойдаланиши мумкин. Айни дамда ўқув масканларида кўп болалар онлайн таълим олмоқдалар. Бизнинг лойиҳамиздан фойдаланган ҳолда тест саволларини ечиб, билимларини кенгайтиришлари мумкин.


Тўғриси, лойиҳани охирига етказиш жуда қийин кечди. Мен жамоамда ёлғиз ўзим ментор эдим. Шунингдек, бу соҳада биринчи бор иштирок этишим. Кординаторлардан ҳам жуда кўп маротаба ёрдам сўрашга мажбур бўлдим. Энг ёмони, тождор вируснинг асорати кўп ишларнинг белига тепмоқда. Юртимизда карантин ўрнатилди! Ҳамма уйда! Гуруҳим аъзоларида ҳам тушкун ҳолатлар кузатилди. Иложи борича, уларни руҳлантиришга ҳаракат қилдим ва кўзлаган мақсадимизни якунига етказишга чорладим.


Ўрнатилган карантин сабабли дастуримиз ҳали тўлиқ ниҳоясига етмади. Қувонарлиси шундаки, «Technovation Challenge» бош ташкилотчилари бизга иловага қайта ишлов бериш учун муддатни узайтириб беришди.


Иловада ота-оналар ва шифокорлар ўртасида ҳамкорликни ўрнатишни ҳам кўзлаганмиз. Масалан боланинг тест натижалари ҳамда пазллардан ясаган насраларини ота-оналари шифокорга жўнатиши мумкин. Шифокор боланинг аҳволидан ва унда кечаётган ўзгаришларга қараб, бошқача ўйинлар таклиф этиши мумкин. Ўйлайманки, айнан ушбу бўлим иловамизнинг энг керакли ва фойдали қисмидир.

Тўғри, дунё бўйича аутизм болаларга мўлжалланган иловалар бисёр. Лекин айнан ўзбек тилида ва ўзбек таълимидан (1 синфдон то 11 синфгача) ишланган тестлар ҳамда пазлли ўйинлар мавжуд эмас. Бу эса бизнинг ютуғимиз.



Аутизм болаларда бепарволик ва лоқайдлик аломатлари кузатилгани билан уларда бир нарсага кучли қизиқиш ҳисси юқори бўлади. Натижада улар бутун диққатини айнан бир томонган йўналтиради. Масалан, Стив Жобс (apple), Билл Гейтс (Microsoft), Эйнштейн (буюк олим) каби дунёга танилган машҳур инсонлар ҳам ёшлигида аутизм касаллигига учраган эканликларини аниқладик.

Биз айнан боланинг қалбида ёнган қизиқиш учқунини топиб, қобилиятини тест орқали аниқлаш, шу тариқа ривожлантиришни асосий мақсадимизга киритганмиз.


Севара АБДУЛЛАЕВА тайёрлади

Student who used quarantine effectively!


“Карантинда очилган истеъдодлар” танловининг “фойдали карантин” номинацияси бўйича ғолибликни Фарғона вилояти, Политехника институтининг иқтисод йўналиши 2-босқич талабаси Мухсинова Шаҳризода қўлга киритди.

Белгиланган карантин дарвридан унумли фойдаланиш мақсадида кўп онлайн тадбирларга қатнашдим, дейди Шаҳризода. Жумладан, олийгоҳдан олган билимимни мустаҳкамлаш мақсадида иқтисодиёт, инглиз тили, математика фанларидан умумроссия онлайн олимпиадаларида қатнашиб, фахрли 1-ўринларни олдим. Шунингдек, мутаҳассислигим иқтисодиёт йўналиши бўлганлиги сабабли ушбу соҳада ҳам ўз тажрибаларимни оширишга ҳаракат қилдим. Натижада “рақамли иқтисодиёт” фанидан бир ҳафталик курсда ҳам қатнашишга муяссар бўлдим ва улар томонидан сертификат билан тақдирландим.


Ҳар бир эришган муваффақиятларимдан кучга тўлиб, янада ўз устимда кўпроқ меҳнат қилишга уриндим. Қозоғистон ҳамда Ҳиндистонда нашр этиладиган журналларга соҳам бўйича мақолалар ёзиб жўнатдим. Уларнинг саҳифаларида мақолаларимни кўриб, жуда қувондим. Ҳатто, сертификатларга эга бўлдим.

Бундан ташқари шохлар ўйини шахматга ҳам қизиқишим бўлакча. Юртимиз бўйлаб, ўтказилаётган “Уйда қол ва ғалаба қозон” шиори остидаги шахмат турнирида сентябрь саралаш босқичида фахрли 2-ўринни олишга муваффақ бўлиб, гранд финали учун йўлланмани қўлга киритдим.

Инсон ҳаракат қилар экан у ҳар бир қилган меҳнати учун турли ютуқларни қўлга кирита олади. Шу боис ҳам, ҳар бир танлов меҳнат ва интилишим натижасини кўрсатиб беради ва ушбу натижаларга қараб, интилишларимни давом эттираман. Ҳозирда Институтимизда онлайн дарслар йўлга қўйилган. Дарсларимиз тугагач, ўзим учун керакли бўладиган ҳамширалик тўгарагига қатнашиб турибман.

Келажакдаги режаларим жуда бисёр. Танлаган соҳамнинг етук мутахассиси бўлиш асосий орзуйим! Иқтисодиёт йўналишида Ватанимиз равнақига ўз ҳиссамни қўшишни истайман. Кўзлаган мақсадларимни амалга ошириш учун ҳозирдан тинимсиз меҳнат қилишга шайман.


Севара АБДУЛЛАЕВА ёзиб олди

How can a pipe be repaired without damaging the pavement?

Usually, when the pipe bursts and the water seeps into the surface, repairmen arrive, dig up the site, dismantle the road, and dig around to find the faulty site, as if searching for treasure. When they find a place to work, they bury them again by welding or tying them with clamps. If the pipe is very old and rotten and water leaks everywhere, it is completely removed and new pipes are laid.

As a result, smooth roads are damaged and excessive costs are incurred. In addition, roads are blocked to prevent technical failures, which can lead to congestion. All this is inconvenient for the local population. So what is the most innovative solution to this situation that you and I are familiar with?

– We will approach this problem through a new two-stage technology, – says the head of the Maya International joint venture Khurshid Turdaliev. – The first is that satellite technology detects underground erosion that we do not see, and with the help of imported equipment determines the exact point of the crack in the water pipe. Then the same place is dug about a meter. Once the condition of the water pipe has been thoroughly inspected, if the rest of the pipe is still in good condition, it can be repaired in place by clamping or welding. If the pipe is found to be unusable, in the second stage, a special liquid is added to the part to be replaced without breaking the asphalt. As a result, a new pipe is formed inside the pipe, and the new pipe will last for another 50 years. Only two wells are drilled: one is filled with material and the other with excess waste.

It should be noted that the State Unitary Enterprise “Directorate of Innovative Technopark” Yashnabad “under the Ministry of Innovation Development widely supports such projects and supports ideas. The unitary enterprise is widely engaged in chemical technology, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, electronics, robotics, traditional and alternative energy sources, food industry, agricultural engineering, medicine, construction and other areas.

It should be noted that the State Unitary Enterprise and residents are exempt from income and property taxes and the single tax on innovative projects implemented throughout the life of the technopark. In addition, as part of the implementation of innovative projects, they are exempted from customs duties on equipment, raw materials, reagents, components and construction materials that are not produced in our country, brought for their own production needs. Such benefits allow scientists and professionals to work freely on the idea and introduce new startups into our lives.

– At present, the projects aimed at the production of 11 construction products in the Technopark have a resident status, – said Farhod Jumaev of SUE “Directorate of Innovative Technopark” Yashnabad “. – Production of world-famous construction 3D printers, transparent window protection devices using aircraft technology, production of sulfur bitumen pavement (asphalt) and sulfur concrete several times stronger than ordinary asphalt, chlorode gas fire, which does not harm people and electronic devices Work is underway on the production of injection systems, “Liquid Granite”, corrugated pipes with a diameter of up to 1800 mm and other projects. In this regard, the volume of products produced in 2020 amounted to 78.9 billion soums, exports – 6.8 billion soums, and 150 new jobs were created.

Now back to the innovative project. Maya International JV was established in 2019 in cooperation with the Israeli company Maya International Holistic Solutions under the auspices of SUE Suvsoz. To date, the company’s special program – satellite – has detected about 1,200 failures in underground sewers and water pipes in Tashkent. identified, 900 were eliminated on the spot. Water wastage was prevented as a result of anticipation of invisible faults in underground water pipes and their timely correction by the city administration and SUE “Suvsoz”. To date, about 4 billion soums have been saved.

The joint venture is expected to quadruple that figure by 2024, from $ 1 million in 2020 through direct investment.



First 3D printers to be produced in Uzbekistan

Building a house or structure requires a lot of money, labor and labor. However, in our country such an innovative technology has been developed, with the help of which buildings that can be built in a few months can be built in a few days without harming the environment with less effort and less money. These innovative devices are 3D printers.

In fact, performing various processes on 3D hardware is nothing new. The reason is that this method was used to produce glue many years ago. However, the construction of buildings using this equipment is carried out in several countries around the world.

Such projects are widely permitted in the Yashnabad Technopark, created under the Ministry of Innovative Development on the basis of the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated June 5, 2017 “On the Creation of an Innovative Technopark in the Yashnabad District of Tashkent.” One of them is Novaprint. The company, which has been a resident of the technopark since 2019, ranks sixth in the world, the second largest in the CIS and currently the only one in Uzbekistan that produces construction 3D printers. In addition, the store specializes in the production of special mixtures for printers, as well as small architectural forms, buildings and their components. The workshop, which uses 100% local products to create the equipment, has the capacity to produce up to 12 printers per year. Simply put, the 3D printer is covered in cement. The equipment dispenses the mixture in the prescribed form through the built-in tap.

This process involves two workers who operate the equipment and deliver the mixture to it.

What are the advantages of a 3D home over a traditional home?

Housing has been valued for a long time. This is because space and comfort at home are very important for hospitable people. When someone starts building a house, hashar and help are still going on in most mahallas. But, while having significant advantages, you should be aware of some of the disadvantages. Feeding the craftsmen twice a month, waiting for the house to be ready for a long time, spending money on building materials, etc. Refreshes the person who is about to start building. So what are the benefits of a 3D printer and the buildings it uses that are described as affordable, high quality, and fast?

A building created with 3D printers has many advantages, ”said Novaprint specialist Jakhongir Yuliev. – Firstly, a house can be built with two workers, and not with 5-6 people. Secondly, the possibility of construction in the short term. Let’s say 3 people can build an area of ​​100-120 square meters in 48-72 working hours. Thirdly, in the process of work, the object must be kept clean, fully comply with sanitary rules, and the main advantage is not to lose sight of its affordability. More importantly, it is 30 percent cheaper than a simple brick building. The earthquake of residential and social facilities built using this innovation was confirmed at the level of 8.6. In addition, the customer can build a building up to 9 meters high in any shape anywhere. Buildings built in this style have a lifespan of up to 50 years.

Multifunctional innovation

As mentioned above, this company is the first to offer such innovative equipment not only in Uzbekistan, but also in all CIS countries. Experts say that our 3D printers have more advantages and characteristics than even equipment manufactured in the Russian Federation. For example, a Russian businessman’s printer can build a house from one raw material – concrete. From our local products, 3 to 7 construction works can be carried out at the same time.

For example, if another crane is connected to the end of the machine, the printer can cut metal objects, cut boards, and make patterns. In order to do this on Russian printers, you will need to additionally purchase such equipment. Another important aspect is that our 3D printers can use other cement substitutes. It also makes the building process more accessible.

– Our company produces printing equipment Nova 1, which specializes in the “printing” of small architectural forms, parts of buildings and structures, flower pots, landscape and decorative elements and decorations based on additive technology using a cement mixture. Jakhongir Dzhuliev speaking. – It should be noted that in the production of this printer purely national products are used as raw materials. With the help of Nova 2 equipment, structural parts of buildings with a total area of ​​374 sq.m. meters, and the height of 8 meters will be “printed”, i.e. Currently, a 65 square meter building has been built with this printer as a test. In addition, a production workshop is being built with his help.

The Nova 3 printer specializes in the production of small architectural forms of complex structures using PVC or cement mixtures, as well as car and boat parts using plastic. It is currently being tested for boat casting.

More work is being done on accessibility

One of the plans for the future, the company said, is to use this 3D printer to produce affordable hardware that will appeal to all consumers. What does it mean? There is practically no need for labor. This device, which can operate over a long distance, can be built in the desert if a person pours the mixture next to him.

In the near future, it is planned to develop and produce a special cement-substituting composition. You know, this product is not made of cheap building materials. Fast construction of a house, lack of labor is certainly good. But not everyone can afford to use cement. With this in mind, company nicknames and scientists of the department of cement-concrete mixtures of the Architectural and Construction Institute are working on the development of an alternative.


Sohiba Mullaeva

Quarantine is also an activity for children!

The 5-year-old Shokhzhakhonkul Sherkulov won in the Art nomination of our Talents in Quarantine competition.

Despite his young age, the photo of Shahjahan, which captures the consequences of the coronavirus and the simple rules for its prevention, as well as the behavior of hardworking doctors, impressed the editorial office. Obviously, we were intrigued by the quarantine restrictions, the negative symptoms of the virus and the fact that it entered the heart and made us think. Quarantine taught people to change, learn something, get used to living differently. In addition, keeping hands and wearing masks on the streets is ingrained in the minds of young children. Of course, the formation of the feeling of “cleanliness, cleanliness is the guarantee of health” from an early age is our merit.

The winner is a pupil of preschool No. 556. In his spare time he also practiced karate. During the quarantine period, such organizations were suspended, and preparations for school began, although they are now at home. She is learning to read letters and count numbers. We were glad that he was slowly rushing to read fairy tales independently. We also heard that he was teaching his younger brother what he knew. She is also her mother’s assistant. He is also doing his homework.

“In the competition organized by the Technology XXI Century magazine, each participant made a special impression,” says the father of Shokhjakhon Karshiev Sharif. “At a time when the COVID-19 pandemic is going on all over the world, our children tried to use their time productively and express their feelings in the hearts of the gnomes. I believe that competition can motivate every growing child, at least in part, to become more educated and more independent.



“Virtual Patient”: How to Treat?

These days, many interesting innovative projects were presented as part of 2020 – Week of Innovative Ideas, organized by the Ministry of Innovative Development. The “hero” lying on the large screen of the resuscitation table at the entrance to the exhibition hall, equipped with modern technology, attracts the attention of many. As this project also attracted our attention, we asked Jamol Ergashev, a leading specialist in the Department of Health and Development of the Ministry of Innovative Development, to provide additional information about this innovative technology.
“It is the Body Interact platform, created by Portuguese company Take The Wind, which is a Virtual Patient program with the main goal of providing virtual learning opportunities for medical students. This platform is very well designed and all instructions are given as an algorithm.
Imagine that a virtual patient has come to your appointment. He will tell you what his complaint is. Naturally, you will receive analytical analyzes from him in order to assess the patient’s condition. You can perform all operations like phonedoscope or x-ray, MSCT, CT, virtually on this desktop. The results of the patient analysis are received. There is a change in the lungs. When we checked the oxygen saturation of the blood, we found that the saturation had decreased. This means that the patient’s symptoms are similar to those of the coronavirus.
In the clinic, the imagination and virtual examination of the patient. It is important to note that the patient is given a certain amount of time for examination and treatment. It also instills in future doctors the need to act quickly to save lives. In addition to making a diagnosis to a patient within a specified period, it is necessary to apply therapeutic measures. Students should assess the patient’s condition.
The Virtual Patient Platform is a must-have basic guide for level 3 students. The platform enhances distance clinical education in a virtual state. There are a number of medical institutions and universities in our country. Thousands of students graduate from them every year and start working independently. A person can be perfect only if he works on his mistakes. But a doctor has no right to be wrong. He is the person responsible for human life. To do this, you need to gain experience and work on yourself. The “virtual patient” can be just such an experimental field. As a result, they are ready to receive a real patient. On this platform, the student has the opportunity to study in detail the clinical status and symptoms of all diseases and how to treat them.
The platform can perform at least 100 blood and biochemical analyzes. Equipped with about 30 medical equipment. Interestingly, depending on the status of the “virtual patient”, you can apply the necessary procedures through the pharmacy. He says that if you treat him right, he will get better. Conversely, if you choose the wrong medicine, the patient’s condition will worsen. At the end of the treatment process, the platform provides estimates for each disease focus. This means that the student will have the opportunity to independently assess their knowledge.
Additional Information. There is also a call on the screen, with the help of which the doctor can communicate with a narrow circle of specialists (nutritionist, endocrinologist, surgeon, etc.).
A memorandum of understanding was signed between the Ministry of Innovative Development, the Ministry of Health and Take The Wind on the free use of the platform for 3 months for teachers and students of higher educational institutions of the country.

Students should view the subjects as “Virtual”

In recent years, traveling in the virtual world has become very popular. The fact that various films such as 3D, 7D, 8D are also being produced is a clear proof of our opinion. Of course, the fact that such processes take place in front of your eyes makes a person forget all his worries and plunge into his world. As a result, for a long time, the images of the heroes of the film are embodied in our eyes and imprinted in our memory. Now imagine that the subjects in the learning process come to life… And you are in the learning process. Are you interested? Azizbek Khaitov, the head of the preparatory department of the Tashkent University of Information Technology named after Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, who put forward such an idea during the Innoweek week, interested us in his project.
– We are participating in Innoweek week with our “virtual world” laboratory. The virtual world laboratory is made of Arduino Uno board, the basis of robotics. It has 8 laboratories designed to perform the work process. Naturally, theoretical and practical knowledge should always be carried together. However, unfortunately, we often lag behind in the application of practical knowledge in the educational process. We do not have the opportunity to show our students what the necessary equipment and technical products look like. Let’s say we have limited access to devices that cost $ 100,000 and more.
This is the main purpose of moving to the virtual world. In the future, we plan to transfer $ 100,000 worth of devices to the virtual world so that our students can become integrated into production. They will be able to easily see which device the company is currently using and become a professional ready to use that device.
In our country, which is moving forward in development, early owners should not be left “inside” the book with old devices. In the 21st century, technology is changing day by day. If we create these technologies in the virtual world, a student can learn them perfectly in a year. As a result, he will be able to work comfortably in the future company.
I thought a lot about creating a virtual world lab. I came to the conclusion that if an unusual method is introduced into the educational process, students will be able to master the subjects better. I think I have achieved my goal.
In cooperation with the Medical University, we have submitted projects for the development of human anatomy in the virtual world to the Ministry of Innovative Development. In general, such a virtual world laboratory can be used in all disciplines. For example, history. The student will have a realistic view of historical processes. It is stored in the memory for a long time only when a person sees and hears it with his ears. For example, how would you feel if you appeared in the virtual world of Amir Timur’s “Battle of Clay”? After all, in the 21st century, nothing should be impossible in terms of technology. Isn’t that so?

My impressions about the book by Kamron Shaniyazov “My saints”

We have a great history worthy of pride, great ancestors worthy of love. Today in Uzbekistan there are over 100 thousand ancient artifacts. This figure itself clearly shows the invaluable services of our outstanding ancient scientists in various branches of science. A significant part of these masterpieces is kept in the manuscript fund of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as in the manuscript fund of the Library of the Muslim Board, in the funds of the heritage of manuscript sources of the International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan.
Special attention to great personalities, to our written cultural heritage will be given at the Center for Islamic Civilization, which is being created in Tashkent on the initiative of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev in the Khazrati Imam (Hastimom) region. The decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated June 23, 2017 “On measures to create the Center for Islamic Civilization in Uzbekistan under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan” provides for the allocation of special pavilions dedicated to the heritage of our scientists, and also provides for familiarization with them in order to study the history, works of our great ancestors …
After reading the book “Avliyolarim” (“My Saints”), Ph.D. in political sciences Kamron Shaniyazov, as a descendant of our great ancestors living in Tashkent, I considered it important to express my opinion about this book as about the generation of our great ancestors.
When I was in school, my late father, Soatov Tojiboy, told us the following words: “My son, we are the descendants of great ancestors, our ancestors were smart, wise, popular and respected people of their time. Therefore, you must study well and grow up worthy of our great ancestors. ”

Taking into account the above words of my late father, I studied well at school, then entered one of the universities of Leningrad (St. Petersburg), successfully graduated in 1982 and began working at one of the special enterprises in Tashkent. After our country gained independence, I worked at enterprises of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the Ministry of Defense, and the Cabinet of Ministers.
My late father recalled a lot and talked a lot about our ancestors, but did not give complete information about them. It should be noted that during the reading of the book “Avliyolarim” the names of our ancestors were mentioned, a lot of information about their cultural and educational heritage was presented, the genealogies connecting them with us were given. The book “Avliolarim” helped me get a clear idea of ​​our ancestors, of which I am a descendant. This clarity not only increased my respect for my ancestors, but also increased my self-esteem and, of course, my love, affection and respect for the history and heritage of these people, for Uzbekistan, the land where these people lived.
This book makes it my responsibility to act as a bridge in the realization that I and my relatives are the descendants of great ancestors today, and the transmission and information about them to present and future generations. President Shavkat Mirziyoyev calls today to restore the names of our great historical ancestors, to study and popularize their scientific, cultural and educational heritage on a global scale, to carry out restoration, renovation, improvement of historical monuments, and the construction of the Center for Islamic Civilization in the country. Holding conferences and other large-scale events, preserving, studying and passing on historical heritage from generation to generation, which is one of the most important priorities of our public policy, will certainly inspire us in this regard and encourage us to make the maximum contribution.
I hope that the book by Kamron Shaniyazov “Avliyolarim”, published in three languages ​​(Uzbek, Russian, English), will be important for the study, research and popularization of the heritage of our great ancestors all over the world, and this book will be used in the processes of education in higher and secondary educational institutions of the republic.
This book enriches the spiritual world of the younger generation, strengthens in their minds the spirit of respect for the heritage of their ancestors, and will help them and serve as an important educational factor in the development of a generation worthy of our ancestors.
I hope that Kamron Shaniyazov will continue his scientific work on the study of new aspects of the rich heritage of our great ancestors and present us with a new, even more interesting, information-rich book, and I wish him success in this great, creative research work.

Saatov Zahir Tadjibayevich SPP “Neftegaz” – Deputy Chief Engineer